The Problem With 'Christian' Art

01.28.11 | Cecil Van Houten | Comments[31]

Phil Cooke is a writer, speaker and media producer I’ve admired for a number of years.  His perspective is unique; he’s a Hollywood producer who just happens to have a doctorate in Theology.  His work is top-notch.  And his words are resonating with a growing number of people of faith, especially those in the creative and arts communities.  In one of his recent blogs, he speaks to a subject that has concerned me for years – the quality of Christian art.  Phil Cooke:    

“Stanford University researchers have recently confirmed three interesting (but not startling) principles:  1. You may be miserable, but you are not alone.  2.  Most people keep their negative feelings hidden.  3.  People tend to be happier when they’re with others.  They found that people think their peers are happier than they really are, and this distortion of reality makes people lonely and dissatisfied with life. The study began when one of the researchers noticed that many of his friends became agitated after reading other people’s status updates on Facebook.  They felt disappointed when their lives weren’t matching up to how well they thought their friends were doing.  The study indicated that it’s an illusion to think that other people’s lives are happier or better than your ownBut now – for the really interesting part: This plays out when people seek entertainment, and does a lot to explain the reason people love a great tragedy.  Human beings seek out tragic stories because it allows them to identify and emphasize with other people they feel are just like them.  In other words, stories that allow people to share in sorrow actually tend to make people happier.  So could this be why people of faith generally make lousy movies and TV programs?  Christians especially feel like we should be celebrating the positive, so we tend to make movies about heroes, of sunny topics, or positive ideals.  Problem is – nobody wants to see them.

Perhaps the take away from this Stanford study is that we need to write more tragic stories.  Maybe positive stories are actually the opposite of where people of faith need to focus.  After all, the Bible doesn’t. It’s full of tragic stories of disappointment and loss.  In fact, it could be said that a significant number of “heroes” in the Bible didn’t end well at all.  Perhaps if we got off our high horse about telling “positive” stories, and got down in the rough and tumble world where most people live, we would actually connect, and tell stories people want to see.”  (from www.philcooke.com 1/9/11)

My first impressions of Christian art were similarly critical.  Some of the Christian music from the early ‘70s was ok but most of it was substandard compared to the secular music I had grown up with.  The first Christian films I saw were pretty horrendous – “A Thief In The Night” and “The Cross and the Switchblade” among others.  But we were supposed to accept them enthusiastically because they told “our” story; everyone came to Christ at the end; families were reunited, tragically injured people recovered and the music under the closing credits was always triumphant and in a major key.

The debate about the quality of art produced by Christians is nothing new although I didn’t hear much about it when I was a teenager in the ‘70s.  But I do remember feeling vindicated in the early 1980s when Franky Schaeffer (son of L’Abri founder Francis Schaeffer) wrote “Addicted to Mediocrity”, decrying the lack of excellence in the Christian arts.  Finally, someone got it and not just someone, but the son of Francis Schaeffer, whose reputation brought immediate attention to Franky’s argument.

Since that time, as there has been a growing emphasis on the relationship between faith and culture, the conversations about the purpose, quality and influence of Christian art have become increasingly important.  Today, the follower of Christ who wants to use his or her artistic gifting to communicate truth (whether through the visual, literary or performing arts) has more avenues of expression available than ever before.  But does increased opportunity alone engender better art?  Can cutting-edge technology substitute for originality and creativity?  Does the simple fact that we now have the capability to speak to the entire world from the convenience of our laptops mean that we have anything worthwhile to say?

I think not.

Many Christians still have the “it’s good enough” mindset.  I’m not a historian so I don’t know where that kind of thinking began but I suspect it originated at least in part in the rise of evangelicalism early in the last century and the ‘separatist’ mindset that defined anything secular as bad and anything Christian as good.  It doesn’t matter if the art is poorly conceived or executed (black velvet Jesus, anyone?) because it’s ‘Christian’.  As if the art is elevated to a higher level simply by associating it with the name of Christ.

Then you have the “Oh, but their hearts are in the right place and they’re doing it for the Lord” justification.  Really?  In 1972, “A Thief In The Night” was produced with a volunteer cast and a $61,000 budget.  In 2006 “Facing the Giants” was produced with a volunteer cast and a $100,000 budget.  (In 1972 the average motion picture budget was around $5 million; today it’s closer to $65 million.)  Some things never change.  I don’t question their desire to share truth or the sincerity of their efforts but the intent alone does not justify bad art.  And do we really think we’re making a significant impact on our world?  Most of the time we’re ‘speaking to the choir’ but half the choir isn’t even listening.  Beyond that, there are a surprising number of believers who have no idea what the conversation’s about.

Shortly before Christmas I received an email from a listener, taking us to task for presenting dramatic productions on the air that were unrealistic and misrepresented Christian and non-Christian viewpoints.  He said in part, “Radio shows like ‘The Christmas Shoes’ demonstrate how trite and non-real the presentation of a marriage struggle is in media, even Christian media.”

Here’s some of my reply:

“To be frank, I couldn’t agree with you more.  The dilemma we have at Family Life is that on the one hand, we want to present family-oriented programming; on the other, most of the syndicated programming available includes the stereotypes and storylines you describe.

One of the reasons for this is that much of the programming produced by Christian organizations is rooted in an outdated mindset; its worldview is twenty years or more behind the times.  Thus you end up with cookie-cutter characters, flimsy story lines and predictable endings that bear little resemblance to most people’s lives

Another reason has to do with the creative vacuum that exists in most Christian media.  Whether film, music, drama or art, the quality will not improve until consumers demand something better.  It's an indictment of the church and its diminished ability to convey truth through the creative arts.  As a result we become increasingly irrelevant to both believers and non-believers.” 

We live in an era when many people expect things to be done for them.  They want their news intellectually predigested.  They want their religion easy and nonintrusive.  They want their relationships convenient and viral.  And as their lives slowly degenerate into an endless parade of trivial Facebook status updates and heated debates about who will be the next American Idol, one of the most powerful means for creative expression and persuasion – the arts – sit idly to the side, waiting to be taken seriously.  Indeed, there are some notable exceptions but not nearly enough to accurately reflect the majesty and imagination of our Creator.

So I’m curious to know what you think - about Christian music; about Christian writing; about Christian film or television.  What makes art good?  Is good art underappreciated?  Do we know it when we encounter it?  Do we value its creation as a means of glorifying God and communicating truth?  Or are we content with the status quo?

The great dancer of the last century, Margot Fonteyn once said, “Great artists are people who find the way to be themselves in their art. Any sort of pretension induces mediocrity in art and life alike.” Author Madeleine L'Engle observed, "To be truly Christian means to see Christ everywhere, to know him as all in all." Before we can communicate truth by creating good art, we must have a clear understanding of who we are and Whose we are.  We have allowed the word ‘Christian’ to become a cheap adjective that can be placed in front of almost anything.  It’s time to stop.  It’s time to reclaim the arts - with integrity, intellectual honesty and spiritual authenticity.   To do any less is beneath the dignity of the call of Christ on our lives. 

Comments

Your Comments(please keep them on topic and polite)

on 01.28.11 Bill Kamberg commented

This is all pretty deep, Cecil. Can I think about it for a while? My immediate reaction is that there is such a profound dearth of Christian art that evaluation is difficult. I think that my primary motivation (other than your presence) comes from what I hear on FLN - keep up the good work.

Regards

Bill K

on 01.28.11 Bill Kamberg commented

This is all pretty deep, Cecil. Can I think about it for a while? My immediate reaction is that there is such a profound dearth of Christian art that evaluation is difficult. I think that my primary motivation (other than your presence) comes from what I hear on FLN - keep up the good work.

Regards

Bill K

on 01.28.11 annoymous commented

Cecil,

I think you have an interesting prospective but I find you to be too harsh on your brother and sisters in Christ. Look at where Christian media, arts, movies, and music was, where it is and where it is going! You are in the middle of a revolution of Christians who are making headway in a secular culture. The earth wasn't built in one day, neither was Rome, as completeling a relevant Christian industry won't be either. Instead of criticizing why not take steps to encourage those to keep up the work in a crushing world.

on 01.30.11 Steve R. commented

At first I thought you were being very harsh on Christian music artists but then I reread the whole thing and I understand what you're saying. But how does a new singer get on the radio or get to do concerts if they don't do what people want? So is the problem with the way theChristian music business is or with what people want? I like a lot of the music you play but my wife doesn't listen much because she wants to hear new artists and new music which isn't on the radio. So I guess that's why all the other ways of listening these days are getting more popular.

on 01.31.11 Amber commented

So when I became a Christian my friends tried to get me to listen to Christian music and some of it's ok but a lot of it sounds like they're imitating non Christian bands. So why bother? I get it that Toby Mac sounds like Eminem but why just listen to one and not the other. I don't get why people think you shouldn't listen to music by non Christians. A lot of it is really good. The Christian lyrics are usually the same thing over and over.

on 02.01.11 Justin K commented

I haven't read this yet but I can tell you that just speaking about it on the radio made my spirit leap. Its a heart of Excellence that many people do not have, simple because they listen to the deceiver convincing them that they can't do better. Simple that is not true.

The Lord desires that his people worship him creatively. If he didn't freewill would not be among us now. He desires that his creation 'surprise him' (if you will) with there willingness to perform in the gifts his given them. I've some great works of art in the future, through dreams, that I know are the making from people who are filled with the spirit and willing to worship the Lord in their gifts.

I encourage anyone to go ahead and step out, when you do the Lord will open up your mind to creative solutions to overcome the various problems you may encounter. Such as financial issues, writers block, the lack of understanding of the art form, or whatever. I can tell you if you have a gift, or a vision, and are willing to see it through to the end. He is only faithful to return your dedication and willingness with something to fantastic for words.

on 02.01.11 Rachael commented

All I have to say is Amen, brother. I am a young artist trying to make it in a non-secular world. The art world is highly critical to begin with, and when you add the word "Christian" it only doubles the amount of criticism - not just from the secular world, but also the non-secular world. Often, the Christian artist is not accepted into the secular world, and the artist by trade, is not accepted into the non-secular world. So one must decide, and therefore limit oneself. I am currently working on building an art ministry and thankfully have had a very supportive church backing me, but I still run into many road blocks along the way. I have chosen to consciously try not to limit myself, and allow the flow of God's creativity to pour out, even when I question whether I will be criticized.
One thing I've noticed, is that as an artist in a Christian community, your artwork is not always seen as your individual property, as it would be more likely to be in the secular world. It seems that in the Christian community, the art piece becomes the property of the entire community, and not just the individual. Each member of the community is concerned about how the image will reflect them as a person, and as God made each of us unique, we all have varying opinions. Therefore our own Christian brothers and sisters become that much more critical of the work (because they would have done it a different way). A great artist often may not care who thinks what about their art, but just that it sells. The Christian artist cannot have that thinking. Artistry is such a complex world in which people are constantly trying to simplify, and find complete and direct understanding in the work. If they don't understand it, they dismiss it. Unfortunately there are so many barriers and roadblocks that Christians have to climb over, and often artists choose to submit to those roadblacks rather than overcome them, because, ultimately their goal is to be accepted and to reach out. Sadly, we are cutting ourselves short and hurting our efforts rather than helping them.
Absolutely the art community in the church is growing and is finding greater acceptance. I find myself accepted into a community that I probably would not have been welcome in a decade ago. And we have artists like Mako Fujimura, Eric Samuel Timm, and many others. We need to keep climbing and keep striving to do better and not limit ourselves, constraining the depth of expression that we are capable of and that God has give to us. We all have stories to tell. God helps us to work through many ugly things, and that is reality. That is the reality in the secular world, and the ability to relate to the expression is what captivates. Then it is time to think, and challenge.

on 02.01.11 Joel commented

I heard you talking about this on the morning show today and it made me want to read the blog. After I did I remembered something one of my professors used to say, that painting is easy when you don't know how but very difficult when you do. I don't know who said that originally but it makes sense. I'm an artist and I just want to glorify God through my work. But unless I do recognizable pieces that people associate with a Christian theme, it's like they're not interested or they don't get it. It's pretty sad really when you have to justify your art. Especially to Christians.

Thanks for an excellent blog. I hope a lot of people read it and get motivated or inspired to work through the things that hold us back. I do not believe it's a lack of talent but that the talent is not appreciated or understood. Joel

on 02.01.11 Andrew commented

@anonoymous - I don't think he is being harsh at all. As my wife said, it isn't that we are trying to take the lead for the first time, rather we are trying to take it back. Also, for me, and for others I know as well, this was a huge encouragement.

@Cecil - For lack of knowing what else to say, Thank You immensely. I've felt like this for a long time, but didn't know how to put it to words entirely. You literally hit the nail on the head. I really don't know what else to say other than you said it perfectly, and that it is indeed a very dire issue.

on 02.01.11 Heather commented

This says what I've been thinking for awhile now. Christian music is just one more category at WalMart. They have books by glitzy Christian stars like Joel Osteen because they tell everyone what they want to hear. Christians complain about being pushed out of society but what are they doing to get in? If we wouldn't act so holier than thou people might pay attention. But that means you have to be writing music or books that are real and as good as what they're used to and most Christian stuff isn't like that. Why would anyone except Christians care about your music or art or whatever if its not good? You have to earn peoples respect, they're not going to listen to you just because you say your message is better or more important. Prove it.

on 02.01.11 Sandy B commented

I think you've pretty well nailed it, Cecil. Too often our "art" is just a sermon in disguise - or not even that elevated. It treats the art form as just a tool and nothing more. I think this does a great disservice to the immeasurable creativity of God. I tend to use C.S. Lewis and Tolkien as a benchmark, in a way. God so infused their lives that God-light shone through their works without the need to plant a "message" in them. I think creating - I mean really creating - is a scary process. It means to stand exposed, to take off all the masks and bare yourself to the world... to God. It's so much easier to be formulaic... easier to pretend and wrap it all up with a pretty bow. (I look back on some of my earlier work and shudder...) All this to say that as Christians Artist, we have a long way to go. But... we are on our way.

on 02.02.11 Adam Bennett commented

I play in a band in Baltimore and everyone tells us you have to be signed to a label to go anywhere. I tnink that's kind of true, you can only go so far on your own. But then if you sign you're letting the record company take over creative control of your work. Maybe not every little thing but in the big picture, because they want to sell CDs and they just try to duplicate what's already selling. So how does a band or it could be an artist or a writer be true to their values and reach a wider audience without compromising or becoming just one more CD in the rack?

on 02.04.11 Mary commented

Interesting comments on this subject. My opinion on this is that the Christian artist must be truly inspired by God in the first place, to create the work that God has planted in him for the divine purpose that only God knows. Being a vessel and allowing God's creativity to flow through him results in supernatural results. Trying to copy a particular style that is out there is wrong, no matter how popular it is. Being original is good. And because we live in a harsh world, we shouldn't be afraid of addressing these things in our work. Country music is known for the woe-is-me syndrome, and people can identify with its music. When Christian artists create works that deal with the problems and concerns that people have to face, they have an audience, because the audience wants to feel that they're understood. Because of this,the Christian artist then has the opportunity to present the answer that only Christ gives - a hope. People are searching for the true meaning of life, whether they realize it or not. Music and art are powerful tools that can touch people's hearts, and through the power of the Divine, can point them to Christ.

on 02.16.11 Anonymous commented

Quite frankly, this is my first post to any blog of any kind that I recall in the past 10 years of daily absorption on/in the Internet reality. Here goes, I doubt that it will be brief...and I sincerely hope that it will be potable.

I am not quite certain where to begin, on such a voluminous topic. I have been a Christian since about 1980, at which time, I was away from art almost exclusively, pursuing adult life and survival in an extremely difficult personal relationship with another artist (my then husband)...I do not mind setting the stage with a few particulars.

I knew, of course, that I would be concerned about the impact of my decision on my art personae (somewhat dismantled by then, long story short) and life as it was. I was not disappointed...it has been a rocky road thus far, ever since...let me assure you as I groan with the feelings of all of these posts and thousands of those which are unspoken. Misery does love company of course; your great point is well taken. It took me quite a while to even find a blog, for goodness sake, that seemed to be taking the bull by the horns, is this endemic to this dilemma? Yes, as in disease...let me just say at the outset, I have not found any answers at all...but art itself, as my muse, will never let me go, I have recently found out. We must realize how seductive it can tend to be...I am not trying to talk down to anyone.

I would almost agree categorically with all of the above posts, literally...and there is much, much more...it took me months to yet get past the "surfer Jesus" type images and art culture that abounds in brick and mortar and on the net, whether it be dramatic efforts, visual art and sculpture, experimental theater, music of every type and genre, big and little. I have found it all extremely embarrassing and angering, thus, I do nothing myself...welcome to inertia. It goes with my territory right now. I am beginning to find some things that might be speaking to me, but certainly, not with the power or expertise of the most secular but oftentimes quite spiritual art of my past and my generation.

Let me explain by way of example...persons of my past with whom I was acquainted, are literally world known and world class, many are true innovators, courageous, rigorous, open-minded, extremely well disciplined and educated and have been in the top with the power brokers for years, like 30-40 to be precise. They have touched the art of painting, ceramics, sculpture, avant-garde theatre, etc. and other interdisciplines and multi-media scopes. My standards are very high, and would be for anything that I would do based on my own exposure and education in this realm, it cannot be otherwise...I find it yet impossible to choose and then to do in this crushing dilemma...do I choose to do art as a Christian (any subject) now, or am I an artist first and then working as a Christian, with or without those themes? I find that the only way to continue to even contemplate this, before the big day when I jump in again with both feet, is to realize that no one anywhere will give art a second thought if it is not truly innovative and "inventionary" (I am coining that as we speak)...trust me, whether Christian or not. I do not believe that any are traditional Christians to this day...that is its own Pandora's Box obviously and certainly.

So what are we to do, just believe and then let Him take over? That he is the author, so just chill, start something and let it happen methinks not, my lieges. Not even close and definitely cigar-less.

The art culture has always been and, in my opinion, will always necessarily be a highly competitive, ruthless, critical, gut wrenching reality for all those who dare to do and create their own lives by it...whether Christian or no...I have seldom seen the true call to excellence in this area of life in others in terms of pure idea, perhaps not in execution, and I may be woefully naive or at the least obtuse.

Candidly, I neither know that to do about this personally, or professionally. The best of what I have seen so far is as stated by many above, extremely derivative and short sighted, even if well crafted, seems to lack intellectual integrity, honesty and spiritual insight by way of medium...I know that the Author of all Creativity, as I believe he is cannot be in charge of this true mediocrity...that is why mediocrity has always been a problem for me, and the terror of it, oh...this is not consciously ego driven as far as I can tell, it is driven by grief, disappointment and my inability to further the cause to a series of more than successful conclusions...objectivity is critical.

Tell me friends, how much truly great Christian contemporary art is housed in let’s say, the Guggenheim, the Cleveland Museum, the Louvre, the Prado, etc? It doesn’t have to be modern and abstract, mind you; just worthy…would that not be the least to make it worthy for Him, who is the author?

I would welcome input and comments to my posting...more involved commentary I could make would be much too arduous for this discussion at the present time...I apologize for any construed negativity, I mean only to confront what is real. Humbly submitted for consideration.

on 02.18.11 Same anonymous as above commented

Today is 2/18 and I wanted to apologize for a few typos in my last post that make the reading not as good as it should be...and make a few further points on this introspection...
Also whey cannot Christians express tragic stories in the visual (this one is the worst representation of all of the arts, in my opinion), performance, creative writing, and in music as non-Christians do, as long as the work is not superficial, predictable, and all the rest? Why is this not happening? Where is the new Leonardo, for example?
I would agree, the sunny stuff is not what people want to see, unless someone can come up with a truly original idea about how to do that that can grab the general public's imagination...this is the whole point, is it really that we must be tunnel-visioned to avoid sin and therein the crux remains? What kind of open mind and heart has to exist where creativity is the seat and can flourish? Whre is the thought provocation beyond what is obvious, painfully obvious? Then we have to tackle simplicity vs. complexity... The really great stuff has already been done...let's use something like the Sistene Chapel...How does all of that work...there are many Christian themes done beautifully in non-Christian art, really...they are not all disparaging to our cause...they are thought provoking, as in conceptual art of the 20th and 21st century, and beyond...how do we truly preserve the open mind and spirit that is both a priori and essential to communicating any truly great truth and idea, particualy in this case, in all visual art? Where do we draw the line between pure form and what must not be included, as it might indulge thought in a wrong direction? I am waiting for the new form to emerge, it should come from a believer, logically...We need a revolution that is stunning, from God himself for this to heppen...I would love to be a part of that...or at least to see it happen in my lifetime...where do we go from here?...thanks for the forum to vent into, but it is a serious and disturbing dilemma.

on 03.04.11 Ernie commented

I as a craftsmen can build a nice box. When I build a box thou I want people to see GOD the designer . There is a beauty in the wood that i have noting to do with except to allow my God given talents to express this. It is full of love of it's maker. This is the way we should do all things .The bible shows us ensamples of the good in life and the bad. The choice is yours to be bitter water or good water.Life is a mystery as good art I would like to think in both accounts people see God as the mystery of it all.

on 03.10.11 Anonymous commented

Ernie:
I am not certain how this relates to what I wrote in my two posts above, but if so, I am grateful that someone chose to write...perhaps you were not addressing me specifically...if so, I do not agree with you in these respects. Indeed, there is the inherent beauty in God's created materials, that goes without saying, and great craftsmanship, as in excellence, is imperative...the idea is how can we use those materials, through the creative process as a change agent to express pure idea and form that is emotionally powerful, intellectually stimulating and thought provoking, spiritually authentic and innovative and with profound truths expressed? I think great art rather "explains" the mystery, without giving too much away. This would be my eternal question at the outset of any project...I am still waiting anxiously for more responses to my questions and musings from above and invite others to join in the discussion...it was not meant to be negative, but to stimulate commentary and thought...thanks!

on 03.11.11 Anonymous commented

Actually, what I really have meant to say in all of this could be encapsulated thusly...
It would seem to me, if a Christian truly "has the mind of Christ", then he/she would be the first to discover the next art movement, so to speak...this seems purely logical, the next move on the continuum in creative discovery, as in a new artform (i. e., realism to cubism, etc.), would that not be so? Just as it is in technology, etc. as all knowledge comes from Him...God is the author of all creativity (or is He?, What if it is negative, sinful, etc., but creative, nonetheless)...all art forms to come must necessarily be in the mind of God, right? Someone of genius just taps in, or could it be anyone, no genius, as we transcend our egos as Christian artists? I would love it if someone would post some responses to this classic question...I find it to be a fascinating topic, even if there is disagreement and/or no clear answer...thanks!

on 03.22.11 Cecil commented

Anonymous: First, thanks for adding your thoughts to the blog. I only went back to check this blog today and was surprised that there were new replies added to it.

I've made it a point in the last couple of years to not respond directly to comments on the blog but, if it seems that it might help move the conversation forward, I'll synthesize comments into a new, follow-up blogpost. I really appreciate your thoughtfulness on the subject. I just put a new blog up Sunday and it needs to run its course, but I'd like to pick up some of your points and write another blog to continue the conversation in the next few weeks. Be looking for it. Thanks again. Cecil

on 04.25.11 Anonymous Again commented

Yes, it is me again...author of the above posts to this blog...who is Cecil?

Where is the blog that was to appear on Sunday, 3/20 perhaps or maybe the writer meant the following Sunday, 3/27?? How can I find it?....I would like to see if anyone will respond to my comments...it's already the end of April!

If anyone knows where this discussion has been continued I would appreciate someone posting the information here, or any other news about this discussion...I see nothing else on this site...thanks!
Sincerely,
Anonymous Again

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